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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Mien, Hmong, Lahu, Lisu, Akha, integration policy, Chiang Rai
Author Phimon Saengsawang
Title The integration policy for the hilltribes and their tribal identities: A political and cultural approach
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Akha, Lisu, Lahu, Mien, Iu Mien, Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
- Total Pages - Year -
Source Faculty of Political Science, Department of Politics and Government, Chiang Mai University

          The integration policy of the government was applied to hilltribes by accepting that hilltribes were Thai citizens who deserved socio-economic and political developments in order to enable them to adjust to mainstream society, so that they could become self-dependent with a better quality of life. The goal of the policy was to develop the hilltribes to become independent socio-economically. In general, it was found that the Public Welfare Department was successful in changing the economic patterns of many hilltribe communities. Nowadays, more hilltribe children are able to attend state-run schools. Hilltribe people have more options in their careers besides farming. This phenomenon has been a result of the implementation of the integration policy.

Text Analyst - Date of Report Apr 25, 2016
TAG Mien, Hmong, Lahu, Lisu, Akha, integration policy, Chiang Rai, Translator -


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