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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Kayan, Laeker, Padaung, Long-Neck Karen, tourism, refugee, Mae Hong Son
Author David Ranger Lawitts
Title Between two selves : politics of identity and negotiation of rights for Kayan refugees in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Kayan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
- Total Pages 171 Year 2008
Source David Ranger Lawitts. (2551). Between two selves : politics of identity and negotiation of rights for Kayan refugees in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. วิทยานิพนธ์ศิลปศาสตรมหาบัณฑิต, สาขาวิชาการพัฒนาอย่างยั่งยืน บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่.

This thesis investigated the livelihood and perspectives of the Long-Neck Karen who had become refugees in Thailand. However, they became used as a tool for provincial tourism promotion and were deprived of freedom of movement. Therefore, educated younger generations had a different perspective about wearing brass neck coils. The investigation revealed that the Karen refugees were under close supervision of concerned state agencies and business people. They received a salary for opening their villages to tourists and young generations were encouraged to wear brass neck coils for economic purposes. For younger generations, they viewed that education was a tool to escape from the control of tourism business and perceived that the coils were used as a tool to control them and to deprive them of various rights, including the right to migrate to a third country. Nowadays, more young Karen are refusing to wear neck coils.

Text Analyst Kornkanok Saringkhareeset Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Kayan, Laeker, Padaung, Long-Neck Karen, tourism, refugee, Mae Hong Son, Translator -


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