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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Chinese, definition of being Chinese, Chinese in Phitsanulok, Chinese Thai, Chinese in Siam, Muang District, Phitsanulok Province
Author Ketwadee Phuthaphumphitak
Title Being Chinese according to definitions of Chinese Thais in Muang District, Phitsanulok Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Tung Nueng, Chaozhou ren, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
- Total Pages - Year 2002
Source Graduate School, Chiang Mai University

This investigation explored definitions of being Chinese as part of the Chinese Thai community residing in Muang District, Phitsanulok Province, through political history and temporal conditions that have gradually created an adaptation process and the creation of meanings for themselves in different dimensions. This study started from the early Ratanakosin Period to the period of Field Marshall Sarit Thanarat government. The expressions of being Chinese of different groups that referred to themselves from various social dimensions made the intensity of their awareness of being Chinese flexible and fluid in accordance with perceptions of external truths in particular periods. The awareness of being Chinese during the early Ratanakosin Period was in the status of good economic variables as laborers. They integrated with Thai feudal lords while expressing their Chinese identities and accepting a Thai aspect that referred to their feudal relationship. During the reigns of Kings Rama V and VI, the intendancy system was established in Phitsanulok Township, those wishing to become Thai citizens were obliged to enter into the Thai education system and became state employees. The awareness in this period was related to families that represented state power. In the same period, the influence of the Cultural Revolution in 1911 raised an awareness of the connection to their motherland by establishing Chinese schools, for instance. In the period of Field Marshall Plaek Phibunsongkhram government, the appearance of being Chinese made it difficult for them to have contacts with state officials, obliging them to downplay their roles of being Chinese by changing their identity by wearing Thai dress and changing their Chinese names into Thai names, which was in line with the patriotism policy of that government. In the period of Field Marshall Sarit Thanarat government, the Chinese were suspected of being communists and their definitions of being Chinese was merely in response to the laissez faire economic system, thus reducing certain aspects of their roles as being Chinese. In this period, there was inequality among the Chinese Thais themselves, bringing about a definition in response to this inequality by mentioning about their hardship background in order to unite their groups. Furthermore, some attempted to annex themselves as a part of the history by being Chinese with political contexts. Besides these various definitions in different periods, there were other individual factors that differentiated the definitions.

Text Analyst Bongkot Charoenrat Date of Report Jun 29, 2017
TAG Chinese, definition of being Chinese, Chinese in Phitsanulok, Chinese Thai, Chinese in Siam, Muang District, Phitsanulok Province, Translator -


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