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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Kaloeng, indigenous knowledge, knowledge transmission, exploitation of natural resources, Sakon Nakhon
Author Chantachon, Songkoon
Title Indigenous knowledge edification of soil , water and forest resources among the Kaloeng ethnic group
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Kaloeng, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 226 Year 2001
Source A thesis submitted for the degree of doctor of education (Environmental Education), Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University, 2001.

          The study investigated indigenous knowledge and transmission of the knowledge on the exploitation of soil, water and forest resources of the Kaloeng ethnic group at Kut Haet Village, Tambon Kut Bak, Kut Bak District, Sakon Nakhon Province.
          The ethnic language was formerly classified under the Austroasiatic Family, Mon-Khmer Branch. However, they speak the Tai-Lao language nowadays. Their original home was in Laos. Their migration into Thailand took place on two occasions. The first one was in the reign of King Rama III from 1824 to 1851 when the Thai army attacked Laos in the King Anuwong War. The second occasion was in the reign of King Rama V from 1883 to 1887 when the Thai army defeated the Chinese Haw in Laos. The ethnic group settled in the Phuphan Mountain Range in Sakon Nakhon Province. They have led a subsistence livelihood. They are Buddhists as well as animists, believing that spirits protected natural resources and punished violators.
          The indigenous knowledge of the ethnic group on the exploitation of natural resources include knowledge about gathering forest products, hunting, animal raising, using wood for home construction, rotation farming practices, paddy cultivation, weir construction, and catching aquatic life in community waterways.
          The methods of transmission of the indigenous knowledge have included rituals, actual practices, Buddhist teachings, sharing experiences, folklore, trial and error, customs and taboos, and folk teachers. The transmission of indigenous knowledge has brought about sustainable conservation of and co-existence with the natural resources in their communities.

Text Analyst Athita Suntharothok Date of Report Jun 04, 2021
TAG Kaloeng, indigenous knowledge, knowledge transmission, exploitation of natural resources, Sakon Nakhon, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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