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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Sgaw, Kayan, Kayah, Kareni, Bwe, Pow, Karen, foreign labor problem, labor , ethnic group, Mae Sot, Tak
Author Chalermsak Ngaem-ngarm
Title Problems of foreign labor: A case study of illegal Karen immigrants in Mae Sot District, Tak Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Phlong Pwo, Paganyaw, Kayah, Karenni, Kayan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
- Total Pages 117 p. Year 1992
Source Chalermsak Ngaem-ngarm. (1992): Problems of foreign labor: A case study of illegal Karen immigrants in Mae Sot District, Tak Province. Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University.

          This investigation focused on problems of foreign laborers, particularly illegal Karen immigrants from Burma working in Mae Sot District, Tak Province. The issues under investigation included problems of illegal laborers replacing Thai laborers in basic occupations, a comparison of the quality of foreign and Thai laborers, impacts of illegal laborers on national security, the district's losses through the export of remittances, the negative image of the country in the eyes of foreigners, and prostitution by Karen workers. The data were collected by surveying and interviewing business people, government officials, tambon chiefs, village headmen, and local politicians. The investigation also examined the livelihood of the Karen laborers, their living conditions, how they entered into Thailand, their jobs, and job aspects. The sample group was illegal Karen workers of Burmese nationality residing and working in the district.
          It is found from the study that there were a large number of illegal Karen workers in the district. The reasons for their illegal entry were escaping from wars before looking for jobs and escaping from poverty due to economic problems in Burma. Most of these illegal workers came from the capital city of the Karen State. These illegal workers were mostly young men and women working as laborers, handymen, factory workers, restaurant workers, and domestic workers.

Text Analyst Bongkot Charoenrat Date of Report Jun 29, 2017
TAG Sgaw, Kayan, Kayah, Kareni, Bwe, Pow, Karen, foreign labor problem, labor, ethnic group, Mae Sot, Tak, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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