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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lao Song, Thai Song, Song, Black Tai, Sipsongchutai, Nong Haed, Nong Prong, Phetchaburi
Author Boonyong Ketthes
Title Black Tai” in Muang Thaen, “Song Dam” in Siam: From Nong Haed to Nong Prong
Document Type Book Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Lao Song, Thai Song, Black Tai, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
- Total Pages - Year -
Source Ketthes, Boonyong. “Black Tai” in Muang Thaen, “Song Dam” in Siam:From Nong Haed to Nong Prong. Bangkok: Inthanin. 232 pages.

The book compiles knowledge and presents anecdotes about the Black Tai or Song Dam or Lao Song ethnic group in various perspectives of their livelihood amidst socio-cultural changes. The changes include language, lifestyle, beliefs, traditions, rituals, and religions. It is found that Phu Tai or Black Tai are the same ethnic group but are called differently in different places. In Muang Thaen, the ethnic group is called Phu Tai. However, when they migrated into Siam, they were called various names, such as Tai Dam, Tai Song Dam, Song, or Lao Song. Nevertheless, whatever they are called, they are consciously and unanimously known as “Phu Tai”.

Text Analyst - Date of Report Feb 23, 2015
TAG Lao Song, Thai Song, Song, Black Tai, Sipsongchutai, Nong Haed, Nong Prong, Phetchaburi, Translator -


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