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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Ashura, ethnic maintenance, Muslim Thai, Shia
Author Jiratcha Wanich
Title Ashura: An ethnic identity and maintenance of Shiite Muslims in Thai society
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Thai Muslim, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 272 p. Year 2008
Source Theeranan Chuangphichit.2008. Ashura: An ethnic identity and maintenance of Shia Muslims in Thai society. M.A. Thesis (Anthropology), Faculty of Graduate Studies, Silpakorn University. 272 pages.

The thesis presented accounts of Shiite Muslims in Bangkok, Thailand, regarding their livelihood through the Ashura ritual in the historical, social and cultural dimensions. Historical documents mention the Shiite Muslim as Khaek Chao Sen or Khaek Thet.
It is found that the ritual has a role in creating the ethnic identity, relationships, kinship and collective belief and faith in their religion. Group formation is established to empower themselves and to claim their space and to present their ethnic identity in the Thai society (abstract).
Numerous historical and archeological evidence tells us about contacts with Persian and Arab Muslims in Thai society. Trade with the Muslims in this region took place around the first and second centuries.
The socio-cultural differences of the Shiite Muslims have marginalized them socially. Consequently, they are obliged to create social space or Muslim identity amidst the fast-changing urban society. Their ethnicity was derived from their collective belief and faith in their religion, resulting in an increased number of Shiite Muslims in the Thai society.
Furthermore, the Shiite Muslims have integrated local culture with theirs in order to create an identity niche in the society, such as dress, language, gestures, beliefs, and the rituals of their religion.

Text Analyst Sunisa Fuekfon Date of Report Jun 28, 2017
TAG Ashura, ethnic maintenance, Muslim Thai, Shia, Translator -


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