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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Southerners, Siamese ethnic group, ethnic integration, plural state, Kedah, Malaysia
Author Anusorn Mekbutra
Title Ethnic group integration in a plural state: A case study of a Siamese ethnic group in Kedah State, Malaysia
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Southern Thai, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 195 Year 2006
Source M.A. Thesis (Regional Studies), Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University, 195 pages.

The thesis examined the Siamese ethnic group residing in Plai Lamai Pen Community in tambon Padang Kerbau, Pendang District, Kedah State, Malaysia. The scope of the content covered the period when the Malaysian government implemented the new economic policies from 1971 to 2006. This qualitative study explored the national integration process that the government used as a tool to create national unity under the context of ethnic diversity, which had impacts on the economy, society, politics, and the identity of the Siamese as well as their adaptation to the integration policy (pp. 167-177). The first part of the study was concerned with the phenomenon after independence when the government tried to create a nation state by issuing regulations and laws. The second part dealt with the process of creating a nation state under a new set of identities. The third part was about implementing the integration concept as a guideline to explain the national integration process that had socio-economic, political and identity effects on the Siamese as well as their adaptation as a response to the policy.
The study findings revealed that the implementation of the new economic policy focused on creating equal job opportunities for Malaysians of all ethnic backgrounds. Financial institutions provided monetary support to indigenous Malays to carry out business activities. Infrastructure systems were developed in rural areas. Educational levels were raised and vocational training was conducted. These were economic integration processes that the Siamese had to adapt to, particularly land right ownership for agriculture and commercial farming (pp. 170-171). The government controlled the educational system, making the Malay language a compulsory subject. Subject contents were more oriented toward Malay society, which was a thought bending process that made the Siamese respond by establishing a Thai language school in the compound of the community temple. At the same time, the quota system for tertiary education made Siamese youths eager to study for higher education (pp. 172-173). Additionally, the shared values in creating unity and equality from the five national ideals allowed all citizens the rights to practice their religions. Therefore, the Siamese were free to practice their cultural and religious activities. Nonetheless, intermarriage with indigenous Malays deprived the Siamese of their religious identity due to the mainstream cultural obligations (p. 173).

Text Analyst Nopharat Phatheethin Date of Report Aug. 20, 2013
TAG Southerners, Siamese ethnic group, ethnic integration, plural state, Kedah, Malaysia, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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