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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lao Song, Thai Song, Song, Tai Dam, attitude, family, kinship, Phetchaburi
Author Jiratcha Wanich
Title Using western narratives to evaluate the attitude toward solving family problems of the Lao Song at Tambon Nong Prong, Khao Yoi District, Phetchaburi Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Lao Song, Thai Song, Black Tai, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 89 Year 1998
Source M.A. Thesis, Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology, Thammasat University

The thesis utilized literary work as an instrument to investigate attitudes toward troubled relationships between spouses and their relatives. The study focused on troubled relationships between spouses and between spouses and other family members and relatives through narratives and talks. Furthermore, the study aimed to verify the research method by using literary work to examine the attitude and spousal relationships of the ethnic Song.
The attitude toward troubled spousal relationships in the ethnic group is summarized into two issues. The first issue involved the married life of the ethnic group. Relationship in married life was relatively compromise-oriented in order to maintain family relationships. When there were problems in their married life, the attitude is to address or talk about the problems directly. The second issue involved married life that emphasized the importance of the significant others and relatives of their respective families. It is found that marital conflicts stemming from the involvement of parents did not affect the relationship between the old and the new families. One reason that the old families did not have a role in intervening in the new spousal family was that young Songs are free to choose their own partners. Partner selection was not imposed by the family.
Regarding troubled spousal relationships, it is found that the problems stem from intervention from a third party and from adaptation to the married life. Intervention from a third party is divided into three categories.

     1) A husband having extra-marital affairs. It is found that most Song wives can accept the situation as long as it does not have negative impacts on the livelihood and economy of the family.
     2) A wife having extra-marital affairs. This situation hurts the honor and pride of the husband. If the situation occurs, most husbands would not take in their cheating wives. More often than not, the wives would feel guilty and would not attempt to return to their husbands.
     3) Adaptation to married life. When misunderstanding occurs, most respondents, both males and females, agreed that direct talks to find out satisfactory solutions for both sides must be conducted. When a spouse commits a grave crime like murder, it is found that the respondents believed that they were able to live with their criminal partners as long as the crime is logical and appropriate and their partners do not suffer from mental illnesses. Regarding the inappropriate behavior of a spouse, especially a wife, it is found that the respondents could not accept disgraceful behavior, for instance promiscuous wives.
As for troubled relationships between spouses and their relatives, it is found that when parents are not satisfied with the spouses of their children, the relationship between parents and children cannot be severed. Most Song parents give their children freedom to choose their life partners. Once selected, parents will not intervene. Regarding troubled relationships stemming from a husband's brother having an indecent relationship with his wife, it is found that most Song respondents put more significance on their siblings than on their spouses.

In general, it can be concluded that spousal relationships are valid as long as spouses live together. When one spouse moves out to live with a third person, it is regarded as the end of the relationship. The Song put more significance on their siblings than on their spouses. When an extra-marital affair on his wife is committed by his brother, a husband can forgive such action. In addition, children born out of such a relationship are loved and cared for as much as their own children (abstract, pp. 82-86).
Verifying the research method by using literary work to investigate the attitudes and spousal relationships of the Song, considerations of this experimental research are as follows. The study results are restricted to this research methodology and cannot be applied generally to the Song society, because the methodology focuses only on the data that could be revealed and the answers were contextualized by various factors.

Text Analyst Suwit Lertwimonsak Date of Report Jun 29, 2017
TAG Lao Song, Thai Song, Song, Tai Dam, attitude, family, kinship, Phetchaburi, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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