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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Minority group, Hmong, Karen, Lahu, northern region
Author Associate Professor Phaithoon Tamsaeng and others
Title Highland ethnic minority groups in the northern region: A fundamental consideration for psychological operations on highland ethnic minority groups in the north
Document Type Book Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Lahu, Hmong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages 124 Year 1993
Source Applied Psychology Institute, National Defense Studies Institute, Royal Thai Armed Forces

Hill tribes in the highlands of the northern region have different lifestyles and cultural, social and economic conditions different from those in the lowlands. Additionally, they reside in different places in the mountainous regions, making them feel less nationalistic as well as making them difficult to supervise administratively. They are therefore prone to infiltration by the communists. Swidden agricultural practices and opium cultivation have caused environmental degradation, depletion of natural resources and drug problems. These problems directly affect the security of the nation.
The book focuses on ethnic knowledge about the hill tribes, particularly the Karen, Hmong and Lahu, who make up the majority of the hill tribes population. An investigation into hill tribe problems affecting national security and state policies, including measures and highland development projects initiated to solve the problems was also conducted in order to obtain a clear knowledge and suitable guidelines to solve these problems.

Text Analyst Pornarin Permpoon Date of Report Apr 04, 2013
TAG Minority group, Hmong, Karen, Lahu, northern region, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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