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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Kayan, Kachang, Padaung, Long-Neck Karen, facial structure, dental structure, brass coil, Mae Hong Son
Author Donjai Chawanaphuthorn
Title Facial and Dental Characteristics of Padaung Women Wearing Brass Neck-Coils (Long-Neck Karen) in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Kayan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 77 Year 2003
Source Master’s Program in Orthodontics, Chiang Mai University

This thesis examined facial and dental characteristics of Padaung women wearing brass neck coils in Mae Hong Son province by comparing their facial and dental structures from facial measurements and front and side facial photography. The measurement was conducted with Padaung women aged 5-15 years and 15 years and older, who wore and did not wear the coils in an attempt to observe the differences and effects of wearing the coils on the growth of their mandible bones, maxilla and mandible bone formations, and other related structures. The study findings revealed that wearing the coils caused facial and dental differences between the two sample groups. For instance, those wearing the coils were able to open their mouths less, with shorter lower facial part and narrower width of the lower tooth curve. The findings could be applied clinically that using a pressure instrument on the lower mandible bones might be a possible way to correct cases with distinct vertical growth. Wearing the coils causes different facial and dental characteristics because the coils put more pressure on the ribs and lower rim of the mandible bones. Wearing the coils while the mandible bones are still growing makes the growth different from that of non-wearing young women. 

Text Analyst Kornkanok Saringkhareeset Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Kayan, Kachang, Padaung, Long-Neck Karen, facial structure, dental structure, brass coil, Mae Hong Son, Translator -


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