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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 
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    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai
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    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai
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    Salak Yom Festival
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    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand
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    Enjoy!

    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson
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    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi
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    Thread

    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village
    Chaingrai
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    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai

    Maehongsorn
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    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village
    Kanchanaburi
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    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo

    Kanchanaburi
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    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys
    Maehongsorn

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    Boys are ordained as novice monks
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     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 
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    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism
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    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand
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    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang
    Maehongson
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    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
    Chiangrai
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid

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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title

   Record

 
Subject Mien, Iu Mien, Hmong, Pow, Karen, Sgaw, Kayan, Kayah, Padaung, chromosome, migration, population variation, subgroup relationship
Author Methawee Srikhamoon
Title X-, Y- Chromosomal and Mitochondrial DNA variations of the Karen, Hmong and Iu Mien in the Upper Northern Part of Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Mien, Iu Mien, Hmong, Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Kayan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Documents
Dissertation (Biology), Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University Total Pages 155 p. Year 2005
Source Dissertation (Biology), Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University.
Abstract

The investigation examined the relationship of genetic structures and the relations of Hmong, Karen and Iu Mien as well as genetic variations due to migration after marriage and genealogical relationships among the ethnic groups by using the X chromosome, Y-linked microsatellite markers and mitochondrial DNA from white blood cells as the research instruments. Furthermore, 14 positions of microsatellite genotype in the X chromosome, 15 positions of microsatellite in the Y chromosome, and base order of the mitochondrial DNA in the hypervariable segment 1 area in the control region were analyzed. DNA quantities were increased by the polymeres chain reaction.
    
It is found that genetic variations were due to the diversity of subgroups or individuals. Migration after marriage also affected the genetic structures of the ethnic groups. The subgroups of each tribe are closely related genealogically, except the Iu Mien from three provinces, whose genetic structures are different probably due to different migration routes and times of migration. It is further found that the subgroups of each tribe are genetically closely related and it is possible that they might have had the same ancestors.
    
The genetic structures of the three ethnic groups are found to be different with a low percentage of variation, indicating that the ethnic groups are genetically closely related. This may be due to the fact that the origin of Karen ancestors was in the Yellow River region in China and there was a genetic mixture of southern Chinese who were the ancestors of both Hmong and Iu Mien before their southward migration.             
     
1. Differences of migration after marriage affected the genetic structures of the ethnic groups. The variation of the Y chromosome of the Karen, where the groom moves in with the bride's family, is more varied than that of the Hmong. Conversely, the variation of mitochondrial DNA of the Hmong, where the bride moves in with the groom's family, is more pronounced than that of the Karen.
    
2. Due to the adoption practices of the Iu Mien, the variation of the Y chromosome is more pronounced than that of the Hmong and the Karen.
    
3. Migration rates calculated from the genetic variations of X and Y chromosomes and mitochondrial DNA indicate that men migrated more than women in the group where the groom moves in with the bride's family after marriage (Karen), and women migrated more than men in the groups where the bride moves in with the groom's family after marriage (Hmong and Iu Mien).

Text Analyst Kornkanok Saringkhareeset Date of Report Feb 21, 2014
TAG Mien, Iu Mien, Hmong, Pow, Karen, Sgaw, Kayan, Kayah, Padaung, chromosome, migration, population variation, subgroup relationship, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu
 
 

 

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