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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Chin, social structure, adaptation, Burma
Author Lehman, F.K.
Title The structure of Chin society: A tribal people of Burma adapted to a non-western civilization
Document Type Book Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 228 p. Year 1963
Source Illinois Studies in Anthropology No. 3

Lehman noted that the Chin is a tribal society because their traditions and culture were different from those people in low-lying areas and valley tribes. They were relatively isolated and do not belong to any social and political institutions of the state. The ethnic group neither had any socio-political institution nor a writing script of its own. They believe in animistic power.
However, socio-cultural structures and organizations of the hill Chin reflected the ethnic adaptation to the environment. Lehman believed that the cultural environment of their neighbors was as important as their physical settlement. To understand the ethnic socio-culture, it is necessary to have a dual adaptation, including:
     1) Adaptation to local resources by means of specific tools/technology
     2) Cultural responses in order to respond to the complex, nuclear Burmese society, which Lehman called "subnuclear society". It is different from peasant and purely tribal societies (pp. 1-2).
To understand the impacts of Burmese culture on the Chin society, Lehman divided the Chin into major groups, because these groups had different socio-cultural structures. To trace the ethnic history and to explain aspects of the communication of the ethnic group with the Burmese, it is imperative to elaborate on the ethnic adaptation to their residences in terms of land use, land tenure, and settlement in order to comprehend the nature of Chin property, wealth and status. They were elements of the Chin society that were related to Burmese culture. These elements would help analyze the social structure, trade practices, and religion of the ethnic group (p. 2).

Text Analyst Athita Suntharothok Date of Report Jun 19, 2015
TAG Chin, social structure, adaptation, Burma, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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