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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, (Karen),Phlong(Karen) belief, taboo
Author Samai Suthitham
Title A life documentary of a highland minority ethnic group: The Karen
Document Type Book Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 69 Year 1998
Source Printed and sold by the 2020 World Media Co.Ltd., Printed at Love and Lip Press Co.,Ltd.

The book deals with the historical background of the Karen ethnic group which is classified in the Tibeto-Burman Family. The group originated in the eastern part of Tibet and migrated to China about three thousand years ago. There, they established a kingdom, known in Chinese as Chow. The kingdom was later invaded by the Chinese and the Karen fled to the Yellow River Plains. However, they were later subdued until they had to move to the Mekong River Plains. They were most concentrated along the Salween River Plains in Burma. The Karen ethnic group in the western part of Chiang Mai, especially in Mae Chaem District, migrated to the area over 200 years ago. They originated from the Salween River Plains. Those settling in Mae Sariang District of Mae Hong Son Province were there about one hundred years ago (pp. 8-13) It is found from the study that the Karen lifestyle respects and incredibly co-exists with nature. They lead a simple life. Their settlement, careers and even their traditions and beliefs are in complete agreement within their communities. They are peace lovers and arts is a part of their lifestyle as expressed in the colors of their traditional dress and weaving. They also like to sing and dance. The author also points out to their being civilized in their matrimonial life, that is, they are monogamous.

Text Analyst Phinthong Lekan Date of Report Sep 10, 2012
TAG Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, (Karen), Phlong(Karen) belief, taboo, Translator -


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