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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen, sea-gypsies, lifestyle, society, language, education, southern region
Author Prathung Khruahong
Title Sea Gypsies in Thailand
Document Type Book Original Language of Text ไม่ระบุ
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Moklen, Moken, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austronesian
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 49 Year 1988
Source Ton Or Grammy Co., Ltd.

The book describes the lifestyles of Sea Gypsies on various islands in the southern region of Thailand, such as Adang island in Satun Province, Lanta Island in Krabi Province, Siray Island in Phuket Island and Ban Thai Mai in Thaymuang District of Phang Nga Province. In the past, this ethnic group led a nomadic life on boats. The group set up temporary settlements on beaches and moved on when resources in local seas became depleted. Their living conditions, livelihood and health care were poor. Their children were undernourished and did not attend school. Nowadays, their living conditions are getting better with more permanent settlements and better health care.

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Sep 24, 2012
TAG Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen, sea-gypsies, lifestyle, society, language, education, southern region, Translator -


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