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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Shan, Kachin, Karen, Mon, minority ethnic group, Burmese government, politics
Author Pornpimon Trichot
Title Minority groups and the Burmese government
Document Type Book Original Language of Text ไม่ระบุ
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 237 Year 1999
Source Thailand Research Fund, Thammasart University Press, Bangkok

Political conflicts between the Burmese government and minority ethnic groups have been a chronic problem without any solution in sight. The conflicts stemmed from three main factors. For the geographical factor, high mountains separated the ethnic groups from the rest of the country. Regarding the historical factor, there were cultural differences and diverse ethnic origins. As for the political factor, after British rule, successive governments tried to unify the country without giving the ethnic groups an opportunity to participate in the national administration. These factors had led to conflicts and wars. Although China reduced its assistance to the Communist Party of Burma and ethnic minority armies along its borders as well as attempted to revive its economy, leading to less fighting and some temporary ceasefires, the conflicts could not be completely eradicated because existing policies only solved the problems temporarily.

Text Analyst Apirat Supathanasap Date of Report Jun 30, 2017
TAG Shan, Kachin, Karen, Mon, minority ethnic group, Burmese government, politics, Translator -


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