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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Shan, change, society, culture, Pang Ma Pha, Mae Hong Son
Author Phimuk Chanthanawat
Title Socio-cultural assimilation and shift by the Shan: A case study of Shan villagers at Ban Tham Lod, Pang Ma Pha District, Mae Hong Son Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text ไม่ระบุ
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 103 Year 2003
Source Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai Rajabhat University

Ban Tham Lod Community was established in 1969. In those days, intra-community relationships were tight knitted. The people believed in superstition and Buddhism with strict adherence to their traditions. Their livelihood depended on subsistent agriculture and natural resources. Later on, the community expanded rapidly, resulting in drastic social and cultural changes. The changes were due to internal and external factors. External factors included developments by state and non-governmental organizations and individuals as well as immigration by outsiders. Internal factors included population increase, the need to become Thai citizens, material needs, ethnic and cultural proximity with the Thais, and geographical conditions. Socio-cultural assimilation and shift stemmed from community members having a habit of adapting to or accepting socialization practices, imitation, new values, universality and cultural borrowing from the outside into their daily life. The assimilation and shift affected their socio-economic, cultural and environmental conditions. The impacts did not take place in a particular aspect of their socio-cultural system, but in all aspects of the system. To balance the system, conventional forms considered good and useful were maintained while good external cultural traits were assimilated. This ongoing assimilation and shift was an attempt by the Shan community to maintain its livelihood in accordance with the current situation, which was different from the past situations, in order for them to survive.

Text Analyst Suwit Lertwimonsak Date of Report May 01, 2013
TAG Shan, change, society, culture, Pang Ma Pha, Mae Hong Son, Translator -


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