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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Khmu, labor migration, impact, community, northern region
Author Niphathawet Suebsaeng
Title The labor migration of the Khmu ethnic group: Situations and impacts on the community
Document Type Article Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Khmu,Kammu, Tmooy, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Total Pages 20 Year 1996
Source Hilltribe Research Institute, Department of Public Welfare, Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare

The investigation revealed that factors contributing to the labor migration of the Khmu at Nam Sot Tai Village were economy, labor market and education. Wood processing could no longer be done and subsistence agriculture was not viable. Attempts to implement market-oriented agriculture were not successful due to the unfair trade practices of middlemen, resulting in the labor migration of 41 families out of 45. Furthermore, labor migration was directly related to the labor needs of the country. Regarding education, 43 of 58 migratory laborers had finished the six-year compulsory education. Being literate in Thai enabled them to migrate to seek jobs elsewhere. One socio-cultural impact of labor migration was the ability of the community to replace subsistent agriculture with sustainable agriculture and livestock. Recommendations to solve the problems included having clear policies on the land rights of hilltribes, sustainable agricultural development, and proper educational and labor migration management.

Text Analyst Thitiphan Makdara Date of Report Apr 09, 2013
TAG Khmu, labor migration, impact, community, northern region, Translator -


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