Forget password?

| |
Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Frequently Asked Questions.


Q: What are the differences between “hill tribe,” “minority” and “ethnic group?”

A: An ethnic group was onced referred to as “hill tribe” or “minority” indicating their cultural differences from the majority of Thailand nationals. According to an official document issued by the Office of Central Civil-Registration, “a hill tribe refers to a group of people whose habitations are mountainous and hilly areas and whose verbal languages as well as cultural traits differ from the majority of the Thai people,” whereas “a minority refers to a group of the non-Thai people having less population than the population of the nationals and varying in their cultures. The minorities are to be found living in the many areas of Thailand comprising local minorities such as hill tribes, refugees or temporary immigrants.” 

    So far, scholars have proposed the use of the term “ethnic group” in referring to a group of people with a unique culture in order that culturally insulting implications are avoided and ethnicity is better understood.  Also, the term suggests cultural existence, identity as well as relationship between groups. For more information, please read the article “Ethnic Classification: Problems and Suggestions” by Asst. Prof. Chavivan Prachuabmoh.

Q: How many ethnic groups are there in Thailand?

A: Several criteria are adopted to classify ethnicities such as linguistic family and ethnic identity, which is applied in this database.

      Based on surveys, studies and researches, it reveals that there are up to sixty-two ethnic groups across Thailand. It should be noted that ethnic classification should be done with flexibility and be subject to change since ethnicity is historically, socially, culturally and politically dynamic.

Q: Why has Yao, a name of an ethnic group, been changed to Mien?

A: Yao is the name used by outsiders whereas members of the group call themselves Mien. Thus, there has been a change in the naming according to how the members refer to themselves. Another similar case is that of the Ikaw Ikor or Meo which are the names, called by outsiders, suggesting insulting implications. As a result, Akha and Hmong, as called by ethnic members themselves are adopted instead.



  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us

ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง